Updated at 2024-02-23
In Japan, metal enamelware is called "shippo-yaki." It is an art form that has been passed down over the centuries. However, shippo-yaki was, in actuality, invented by mistake. In the 16th century, Japanese artisans researched ways to create vivid and sturdy enamelware like Chinese cloisonné. Although they failed to mimick Chinese cloisonné, they inadvertently developed the more subtle shippo-yaki, also known as Japanese cloisonné. Shippo-yaki styles and techniques vary in different regions of Japan, such as Owari shippo, Kaga shippo, and Kyoto shippo. Because of the immense contribution that shippo-yaki had on Japanese craftsmanship from the late 19th century to the early 20th century, it has become a popular gift in Japanese international diplomacy.
Flag: The flag of Japan is known as the "Flag of Sun," a red disc centered on a white rectangular banner). The ratio of the flag is 2:3, and the diameter of the red disk is three-fifths of the vertical length, with the center of the red disk aligned with the center of the flag.
National Day: February 11
Area: 377,973 square kilometers
Population: Approx. 125,000,000 people
Currency: Japanese Yen
Government: Constitutional monarchy and separation of powers