Updated at 2023-05-23
Josiah Wedgwood, founder of Wedgwood some 250 years ago, is recognized as the father of English pottery. Despite suffering knee pain from a young age, which led to the amputation of his leg later on in life, Josiah devoted himself to creating revolutionary pottery art such as Jasper and Queen's Ware. These pieces remain highly praised to this day. He also devised unprecedented marketing strategies, such as using current events and famous people, like anti-slavery activists Benjamin Franklin, Catherine the Great of Russia, and the arrival of British ships in Australia, as themes to promote his products.
Flag: the British call it “Union Flag” or “Union Jack.” The flag consists of England’s red cross of St. George edged in white; Scotland’s St. Andrew’s Cross, a white saltire on a blue field; and Ireland’s St. Patrick’s Cross, a red saltire on a white area. The flag has become a design element for the flags of some Commonwealth of Nations member states.
Area: 243,610 square kilometers
Population: 69,000,000 people
Currency: pound sterling
Government: constitutional monarchy (hereditary monarchy), parliamentary cabinet system