Updated at 2022-03-10
This mug features a pattern inspired by the emblem of the House of Commons. The House of Commons emerged in the 14th century. The Parliament of the United Kingdom is bicameral, and both houses of Parliament meet in London’s Palace of Westminster. Compared with the opulence of the Lords Chamber, the Commons Chamber is much simpler and more austere. The House of Commons currently consists of 650 members. However, there are only about 400 seats in the Commons Chamber, and junior members often stand in the aisles during meetings. Aristocrats dominate the House of Lords, while members of the House of Commons are democratically elected, making it the focal point of the political arena. The majority of cabinet ministers and prime ministers have belonged to the House of Commons.
Flag: the British call it “Union Flag” or “Union Jack.” The flag consists of England’s red cross of St. George edged in white; Scotland’s St. Andrew’s Cross, a white saltire on a blue field; and Ireland’s St. Patrick’s Cross, a red saltire on a white area. The flag has become a design element for the flags of some Commonwealth of Nations member states.
National day: every June, a Saturday is selected as the Queen’s Official Birthday (Queen Elizabeth II’s actual birthday is April 21).
Area: 243,610 square kilometers
Population: 66,796,807 people (est. mid-2019)
Currency: pound sterling
Government: constitutional monarchy (hereditary monarchy), parliamentary cabinet system