Updated at 2022-04-25
Ludwig van Beethoven was a German composer and pianist and one of the most influential figures in classical music. He composed nine symphonies and 36 piano sonatas in his lifetime. His influence on the fields of music and art, as well as on later generations, has been profound. He is also an important affirmation of national identity for the German people, just like “the empire on which the sun never sets” is for the British and the French Revolution is for the French. The German people can’t be without Beethoven’s symphonies. In 2001, the UNESCO inscribed the manuscript of “Symphony No. 9” on its “Memory of the World Register.” The familiar “Ode to Joy” is part of “Symphony No. 9.” The music box in the image is a souvenir produced in 2020 to commemorate the 250th anniversary of Beethoven’s birth.
Flag: the German flag is tricolor with three horizontal bands of equal width in the national colors of Germany: black, red, and gold.
National day: Oct. 3
Area: 357,121 square kilometers
Population: about 83.02 million (2021)
Government: federal, parliamentary, republican constitutional system