Updated at 2022-02-28
This pair of gold diadem ornaments was excavated in 1971 at the tomb of King Muryeong of Baekje. A total of 4,600 artifacts were excavated in the same batch, and diadem ornaments were the most frequent type. Diadems and royal caps were symbols of royalty, and are only found at the tombs of important monarchs. The gold diadems worn by the king and queen have symmetrical honeysuckle arabesque and flame-like patterns. The king’s golden diadem has an additional round ornament hung with gold thread that shows the grace and splendor of the royal family. This pair of gold diadem ornaments was designated as a tangible cultural asset under South Korea’s Cultural Heritage Protection Act, and listed as National Treasure of Korea No. 154 and No. 155.
Agreement date: Oct. 25, 2016
Area: 555.16 square kilometers
Population: 129,230 people
Main industries: Korea’s modern economic development was primarily distributed in the three large marketplaces of Pyongyang, Daegu, and Gangyeong. The Gangyeong marketplace was located in Nonsan. Many leading global firms have established factories in Nonsan on the basis of its transport and logistics advantages. Nonsan’s other economic core is the strawberry industry. It has the largest strawberry-producing area in South Korea, and is the location of the most advanced global research on new varieties and cultivation methods for strawberries. Nonsan’s annual Strawberry Festival attracts over two million visitors.
City/region features: Nonsan feels great pride for the splendid culture of the Baekje kingdom during the Three Kingdoms period. It is also a city that is actively reviving the Confucian values of benevolence, ritual, rectification of names, and rule by virtue. The Confucian foundation of the Joseon dynasty was rooted in Nonsan, and it had produced numerous notable political, social, and cultural figures in modern times. Nonsan is also one of South Korea’s core national defense education cities. The greater Nonsan area is home to the Korea Army Training Center, the world’s largest military training center; Korean National Defense University, which cultivates high-ranking national defense specialists and civil servants; and the Army Aviation School, where the most advanced helicopter training takes place. South Korea’s tri-service headquarters and army academy, which trains elite professional soldiers, are both located just five minutes from Nonsan.