Updated at 2022-04-25
The handicraft features the national coat of arms of Guatemala. It is a shield with two rifles and two swords crossed with a wreath of laurel and a resplendent quetzal. The resplendent quetzal is endemic to the tropical rainforests of Central and South America and is particularly difficult to domesticate, often dying shortly after being captured. Therefore, the resplendent quetzal represents "freedom or death." In the ancient Mayan culture of Guatemala, the resplendent quetzal was seen as a sacred bird. The coat of arms also bears a piece of parchment, marking the day of Guatemala's independence - September 15, 1821. After gaining independence from its colonial government, Guatemala endured a bitter period of military rule, civil war, and ethnic cleansing. It was not until 1996 that the country finally emerged from military control.
Language: Guatemalan Spanish
Area: 108,889 square kilometers
Population. 1.75 million
Main industries/features: The Republic of Guatemala is located in Central America, bordering Mexico to the north. The northern lowlands are occupied by dense rainforests, once home to the Mayan civilization between the 4th and 10th centuries. There is a sprawling volcano in the central highlands, stretching 4,200 meters above sea level. Guatemala has 37 volcanos scattered within its borders, four of which are classified as active volcanos.