Updated at 2022-02-27
The jeepney is a popular means of public transport in the Philippines. The earliest jeepneys were modified U.S. military jeeps left behind after World War II. The word “jeepney” is a portmanteau of “jeep” and “jitney,” which means “shared taxi.” Jeepney owners can modify the vehicles however they want, so jeepneys have become mobile works of art. They are often painted in bright colors with lively motifs, and design inspirations include graffiti, popular culture, and religion. Owners decorate them according to their own preferences, and some also play popular music while driving. All these are why the jeepney has become a leading symbol of the Philippine culture and art. The most common type of public transport in the Philippines is also an emblem of culture and art.
Flag: The Philippine flag has an equilateral triangle, symbolizing the aspirations of peace and tranquility of the Philippine people. At each vertex of the triangle is a star, representing the three main island groups in the Philippine—Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao. To the right of the triangle are two equal bands of blue and red. The blue represents loyalty and patriotism, and the red represents courage and national pride.
Philippines Independence Day: June 12
Official Languages: English and Tagalog
Capital: National Capital Region (a.k.a. Metro Manila) consists of 17 cities, including the City of Manila.
Area: 328,000 square kilometers
Population: Over 110 million (Q4 2020)
Currency: Philippine peso
Political System: Presidential system, three branches of government